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人民幣匯率升值對我國貿易模式結構的影響研究.rar

資料分類:經濟學院 上傳會員:我的美女老師 更新時間:2013-10-24
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摘要:2008年爆發國際金融危機后世界經濟嚴重下滑以及國內經濟嚴重萎縮,迫于國際經濟的波動以及國內經濟情況,人民幣對美元的匯率從2010年持續增長。隨著人民幣匯率日漸趨于均衡,我國在貿易結構調整、國際收支平衡做出了很大變動。匯率是國際經濟活動中最重要的綜合性價格指標,它的變化對一國對外貿易和國內經濟活動都會產生較大的影響。

   中國商務部最近召開“外貿結構調整”新聞發布會指出我國市場多元化取得新進展,進出口貿易結構發生積極變化。2012年,工業制成品出口比重為95.1%,比2007年提高了0.2個百分點。機電產品、高新技術產品占出口比重分別達到57.6%和29.3%,尤其是高新技術產品出口比重比2007年提高了0.7個百分點。礦物燃料、有色金屬、非金屬礦、鋼鐵及化工等5大類共39種 “兩高一資”產品占出口比重為5.2%,比2007年下降2.1個百分點。我國積極推動戰略性新興產業國際化,鼓勵機電產品出口。在推動產業結構升級、保障資源能源供應安全下我國進口總體表現良好。進口規模由2007年的9558.2億美元擴大到2012年的18178.3億美元,增長90.2%。進口年均增速13.7%。隨著人民幣的升值我國貨物貿易方式結構也發生了變化,一般貿易成為主要的貿易方式。2012年一般貿易出口增速快于加工貿易4.4個百分點,占出口總額比重比2007年提高4個百分點。

   本論文主要以人民幣匯率變動為歷史背景,運用經濟學理論知識分析近幾年人民幣匯率變動以及我國貿易結構的現狀,剖析其發展的變化規律以及人民幣升值對我國貿易模式結構變化的影響。以真實數據為依據,總結應對貿易模式結構變化的舉措。

關鍵詞:人民幣匯率  貿易模式結構  影響

 

ABSTRACT:The international financial crisis broke out since 2008 , the International economy has fallen seriously as well as the domestic economy has shrink. Forced to the shocked of International economy and the situation of domestic economy, renminbi exchange rate against dollars has being growing since 2010. As the renminbi  rate tend to be balanced, We have a great change in the trade structure adjustment and the balance of International payment. The rate is the importance of the comprehensive price index in International economy activities. The change of rate will have a great influence on which external trade and domestic economy activities.

      In recent month, China's ministry of commerce open a press conference about “The International Trade Structure Adjustment” which indicating the great progress of market diversification and the great change in import&export trade structure. In 2012, Industrial finished products export proportion is 95.1%, improved more 0.2% than 2007. Mechanical and electrical products, high-tech products export proportion reached 57.6% and 57.6%, especially the export proportion of high-tech products has improved 0.7%. Fossil fuels, non-ferrous metals, non-metallic mineral, iron and steel, and chemical and other five major categories total of 39 “high-polluting, high-energy-consuming and resource-dependent" product export proportion is 5.2% getting lower 2.1% than 2007. Our country is actively promoting the strategic emerging industry internationalization, encourage the export of electromechanical products. China’s import have a good performance on the premise of upgrading the industrial structure and guaranting the supply security of energy and resource. Imports expanded from $955.82 million in 2007 to $1817.83 million in 2012, up 90.2%. Annual import grew 13.7%. With the appreciation of RMB goods trade structure has changed.  General trade become the main trade way. In 2012, the general trade export growth 4.4 percentage points faster than the processing trade, Accounted for 4 percentage points more of total exports than in 2007. 

    The main historical background of this paper is the change of RMB exchange rate. Using the economics theory analysis the RMB exchange rate changes of recent years, and the current situation of China's trade structure. Analysis the variation law of development and the impact of RMB appreciation on China's trade structure change. The empirical result shows that RMB exchange rate appreciation is beneficial to the development of inter-industry trade and horizontal but unfavorable to vertical inter-industry trade . Therefore , the appreciation of RMB exchange rate finally adversely affects the optimization and upgrading of inter-industry trade and it has side effects in the upgrading of our country’s trade model structure. On the basis of real data, summary the response measures to the changes in trade structure.

Keywords: RMB exchange rate; Foreign trade model structure; Effect

 

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上傳會員 我的美女老師 對本文的描述:本論文主要以人民幣匯率變動為歷史背景,運用經濟學理論知識分析近幾年人民幣匯率變動以及我國貿易結構的現狀,剖析其發展的變化規律以及人民幣升值對我國貿易模式結構變化的......
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